How it all began

Unit One-Colonization and Settlement

Georgia's Standards for US History:

SSUSH1 The student will describe European settlement in North America during the 17th century.
a. Explain Virginia’s development; include the Virginia Company, tobacco cultivation, relationships with Native Americans such as Powhatan, development of the House of Burgesses, Bacon’s Rebellion, and the development of slavery.
b. Describe the settlement of New England; include religious reasons, relations with Native Americans (e.g., King Phillip’s War), the establishment of town meetings and development of a legislature, religious tensions that led to the founding of Rhode Island, the half-way covenant, Salem Witch Trials, and the loss of the Massachusetts charter and the transition to a royal colony.
c. Explain the development of the mid-Atlantic colonies; include the Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam and subsequent English takeover, and the settlement of Pennsylvania.
d. Explain the reasons for French settlement of Quebec.
e. Analyze the impact of location and place on colonial settlement, transportation, and economic development; include the southern, middle, and New England colonies.

SSUSH2 The student will trace the ways that the economy and society of British North America developed.
a. Explain the development of mercantilism and the trans-Atlantic trade.
b. Describe the Middle Passage, growth of the African population, and African-American culture.
c. Identify Benjamin Franklin as a symbol of social mobility and individualism.
d. Explain the significance of the Great Awakening.

Unit 1 explorers-map.jpg
The Spanish were quite active in our area but the English will triumph

Essential Questions:

How did New England, the Mid-Atlantic colonies, Virginia, and Quebec develop as settlements in North America during the 1600's?
How did the economy and society of British North America develop?
The English Puritans in Massachusetts were distinctly different from the English settlers at Jamestown and their Spanish and French counterparts. The Puritans had come to the New World as families intending to stay and replicate that part of English society which they approved of. This meant they would grow in population much more quickly, build more permanent structures, approach town building in a more organized fashion and have a greater sense of community welfare compared to the highly individualistic loners of Jamestown.

Questions that you will be able to answer after completing this unit:
What is mercantilism?
How did mercantilism affect the settlement of North America?
Why did people immigrate to the colonies?
Where are the Spanish, English, French, Dutch settlements?
How did Jamestown, Plymouth, Massachusetts Bay, New Amsterdam and Quebec develop as settlements?
How did place and location impact on Jamestown and New York city?puritan.jpg
What conflicts arose as a result of colonies being settled?
How did the colonies support themselves economically?
What characterized the colonist's relations with the Native Americans?
What were the beginnings of government in the colonies?
How did representative government begin in the colonies?
Who are the first 13 colonies?
How did the New England colonists develop politically?
How did the colonists change the lands of North and South America?
What is the Columbian exchange?
What were the religious tensions and issues of the colonies?
How did the Columbian exchange, Triangular trade and Middle Passage affect the economies of the colonies?
How did new ideas in the colonies affect the development of the colonies?
How is Ben Franklin a symbol of social mobility and individualism in the U.S.?
What is the significance of the Great Awakening?



Virginia Company,
Massachusetts Company

House of Burgesses

Middle Passage,
Jamestown, Plymouth,
John Smith,
New Amsterdam,
Transatlantic trade
(triangular trade),
Physical migration,
New Amsterdam,


Massachusetts Charter,
House of Burgesses,
New England town meetings,
types of colonies: royal, proprietary, religious,
tobacco economics.
Bacon’s rebellion,
Peter Stuyvesant,
King Phillip’s war,
French and Indian War,
1763 Treaty of Paris,
American Revolution,
Rhode Island,
half way covenant,
Salem Witch trials
Great Awakening,
John Edwards,
Anne Hutchinson in exile

Ben Franklin,
William Penn,
Roger Williams,
Anne Hutchinson,


13 colonies Information
The 13 Originals
Clickable Map of the 13 Colonies
Mr. Nussbaum tells all about the original 13
Timeline for the 13 colonies
Congress for Kids 13 colonies activities

You tube:


1.Some readings for this unit are under the "Readings and writing Assignments" wiki chapter. More on that in class.
2. Make vocabulary cards for 20 of the above vocab words. You can use flash cards such as 3X5 cards from Wal-Mart. Use the Frayer model to make cards.
3. Notes and review work are due after you take the unit test.
4. Click here for the Pre-Colonial power points-

You are responsible for knowing these slides from World History classes and completing the worksheet (that we will work on in class) that will be handed in on your test date. Click here for Pre-Colonial Worksheet

5. Click here for the Colonial Era power point-

6. In class, students will use Cornell notes but for make up, in case of illness, here are Colonial era power point blank note pages-click here

7. Unit review Pages for the test:

8. Thirteen Colonies Project. Click here:

Shipbuilding became the primary industry of Boston and these ships engaged in a triangular trade which followed the clockwise Atlantic trade winds. For example, a ship might be built and crewed in Boston. It would sail to England with a cargo of rum and timbers and exchange these for firearms and metal tools. From here, the ship would sail to Africa where it would exchange most of the tools and firearms for African slaves. The next stop might be in the Caribbean where it would exchange most of the slaves for sugar. In Virginia, the remainder of the slaves would be exchanged for cotton and tobacco. Back in Boston the sugar would be unloaded and turned into molasses and the whole cycle would repeat itself

9. For Colombian Exchange Map work and activity click here

10. Mayflower Compact activity

11. 13 colonies chart

12. Middle Passage reading and questions

13. Ben Franklin and Nat Bacon readings

14. Geography Map for colonization areas and colonizers

15. Quizzes are both unannounced and announced and are not posted on the wiki. Tests are announced in advance but are not posted on the wiki.

King Philip's War
Founding of Jamestown Interactive Game